Organizational Behavior Analytics.
Analyzing the stages in the evolution of organizational structures and their specific implications to behavior in organizations are the focus of this unit. Every organization has certain objectives or goals which it strives to accomplish. In order to do so, people work together in groups .The activities of each of these individuals and groups are co-ordinated by authority-responsibility relationships. These are determined on the basis of the hierarchy of the jobs. This is what we mean by “organization”. Such clearly marked relationships help to ensure effective work performance. Some of the commonly used definitions of the term are given here, so as to draw a clearer picture of the term and its use. An organization is a group of individuals co-ordinated into different levels of authority and segments of specialization for the purpose of achieving the goals and objectives of the organization . The process of identifying and grouping the work to be performed, defining and delegating responsibility and authority, and establishing relationships for the purpose of enabling people to work most effectively together in establishing of objectives. An organization is the formation of an effective machine, the management of an effective executive and the administration of an effective direction. Administration determines the goals, management strives towards it. Administrator determines the organization ; the management uses it. An organization is a machine of management in its achievement of the ends determined by its administration. An analysis of these definitions show that organizations are born out of a necessity for a clear, well defined system or structure, which people require for execution of their work responsibilities . It helps them to relate to each other , co-ordinate their activities , and achieve the organizational goals or objectives. It minimizes confusion, nurtures suitable work behavior , and maximizes effectiveness.